Data Representation

Topics include binary, decimal, and hexadecimal numbers, and the conversions between them.

Images

Candidates should be able to: explain the representation of an image as a series of pixels represented in binary explain the need for metadata to be included in the file such as height, width and colour depth discuss the effect of colour depth and resolution on the size of an image file. How can an …

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Characters

Candidates should be able to: explain the use of binary codes to represent characters explain the term character set describe with examples (for example ASCII and Unicode) the relationship between the number of bits per character in a character set and the number of characters which can be represented. How are binary codes used to …

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Numbers

Candidates should be able to: convert positive denary whole numbers (0-255) into 8-bit binary numbers and vice versa add two 8-bit binary integers and explain overflow errors which may occur convert positive denary whole numbers (0-255) into 2-digit hexadecimal numbers and vice versa convert between binary and hexadecimal equivalents of the same number explain the …

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Units

Candidates should be able to: define the terms bit, nibble, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte understand that data needs to be converted into a binary format to be processed by a computer. Data units in computer systems Bit This is a single unit of memory and can only store 2 possible binary values, either 0 …

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