Data Transmission

KS3 Computer Science

11-14 Years Old

48 modules covering EVERY Computer Science topic needed for KS3 level.

GCSE Computer Science

14-16 Years Old

45 modules covering EVERY Computer Science topic needed for GCSE level.

A-Level Computer Science

16-18 Years Old

66 modules covering EVERY Computer Science topic needed for A-Level.

GCSE Data Transmission Resources (14-16 years)

  • An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation
  • Editable revision handouts
  • A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module
  • Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts
  • Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition
  • A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module

A-Level Exchanging Data Resources (16-18 years)

  • An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation
  • Editable revision handouts
  • A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module
  • Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts
  • Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition
  • A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module

Data transmission is a means of transmitting digital or analog data over a communication medium to one or more devices.  It allows the transmission and communication of devices in different environments: point-to-point, point-to-multipoint, or multipoint-to-multipoint.

Data transmission can either be analog or digital, but is mostly earmarked for sending and receiving digital data.  As such, data transmission is also referred to as digital transmission or digital communications.

It works when a device aims to transmit a data object or file to one or multiple recipient devices.  The digital data comes from the source device in the form of digital bit streams.  These data streams are positioned over a communication medium for transmission to the destination device.  An outward signal can either be baseband or passband.

Aside from external communication, data transmission may be done internally, between different parts of the same device.  The sending of data to a processor from the random access memory (RAM) or hard disk is a form of data transmission.

Types of Data Transmission

  • Parallel transmission – Several bits are transmitted together simultaneously within one clock pulse rate. It transmits quickly, as it utilises several input and output lines for sending the data.
  • Parallel transmission uses a 25-pin port with 17 signal lines and 8 ground lines.  The 17 signal lines are divided as follows:
  • 4 lines – initiate handshaking
  • 5 lines – communicate and notify errors
  • 8 lines – transfer data

Comparison between Serial and Parallel Transmission

Basis for ComparisonSerial TransmissionParallel Transmission
DefinitionData flows in 2 directions, bit by bitData flows in multiple directions, 8 bits (1 byte) at a time
CostEconomicalExpensive
Number of bits transferred per clock pulse1 bit8 bits or 1 byte
SpeedSlowFast
ApplicationsUsed for long distance communicationUsed for short distance communication
ExampleComputer to computerComputer to printer

Types of Serial Transmission

There are two types of serial transmission – synchronous and asynchronous.  Both of these transmission methods use bit synchronisation.

Bit synchronisation is necessary to identify the beginning and end of the data transmission.

Bit synchronisation supports the receiving computer to recognise when data begins and ends during a transmission.  Therefore, bit synchronisation offers timing control.

  • Asynchronous Transmission – In asynchronous transmission data moves in a half-paired approach, 1 byte or 1 character at a time.  It sends the data in a constant current of bytes.  The size of a character transmitted is 8 bits, with a parity bit added at the beginning and at the end, making it a total of 10 bits.  It doesn’t need a clock for integration—rather, it utilises the parity bits to inform the receiver how to translate the data. It is straightforward, quick, and cost-effective, and it doesn’t require 2-way communication.
  • Synchronous Transmission – In synchronous transmission, data moves in a complete paired approach in the form of chunks or frames.  Synchronisation between the source and target is required so that the source knows where the new byte begins, since there are no spaces between the data. This method offers real-time communication between linked devices.

Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission

Point of ComparisonSynchronous TransmissionAsynchronous Transmission
DefinitionTransmits data in the form of chunks or framesTransmits 1 byte or character at a time
Speed of TransmissionQuickSlow
CostExpensiveCost-effective
Time IntervalConstantRandom
Are there gaps between the data?YesNo
ExamplesChat Rooms, Telephonic Conversations, Video ConferencingEmail, Forums, Letters