Internet

Covering topics like web servers, cookies, URL’s, MAC and IP numbers, Internet Service Providers and more.

HTML Structure and Presentation

HTML HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the recognized markup language utilised in forming web pages.  It defines the composition of web pages using markup.  HTML elements are the primary units of HTML pages.  HTML elements are denoted by tags.  HTML tags label parts of content like heading, paragraph, and table.  Browsers do not show the …

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Web Browser

A web browser, also known as an internet browser or browser, is a software program that you utilise to access the internet and view web pages on your computer.  Browser can be considered as your gateway to the internet. The main intention of an internet browser is to convert the code that websites are designed …

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Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a group of guidelines that authorize users of the World Wide Web to exchange information found on web pages.  When accessing any web page inputting http:// in front of the address informs the browser to communicate over HTTP. Today’s browsers no longer require HTTP in front of the URL since it is the …

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Web Server

A web server is a computer that manages websites.  It’s a computer program that allocates web pages as they are requested.  The primary objective of the web server is to save, handle and distribute web pages to the users.  This transmission is done using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Most of the web pages are constant …

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Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

A uniform resource locator (URL) is the address of a webpage or file on the internet.  For example, Google’s URL is https://www.google.com. Sections of a URL http:// or https:// “http” means HyperText Transfer Protocol.  This is what allows the browser to identify what protocol it is going to utilize to retrieve the data described in …

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IP and MAC Addresses

IP Address An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a rational numeric address that is allocated to every single computer and computer device that is a member of a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)-based network. The IP address is the main element on which the networking architecture is made; no network occurs without it. …

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Internet Service Provider (ISP)

An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that provides access to the internet.  Wherever you may be, every time you connect to internet, your connection is routed through an ISP. In the beginning, dial-up modems were used by ISPs to grant internet connection.  Regular phone lines were utilised during this time and speed was …

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Cookies

What are Cookies? Cookies are small amount of text-only data saved on the computer while browsing a certain website.  Typically, they contain two pieces of information:  a site name and a unique user ID. Why are they called Cookies? It was first called cookie by Lou Montulli.  He took it from the term magic cookie. …

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